The words in a Tanii sentence have a certain order which is quite different from the word order in English or Hindi. See how puzzling it can be for a non-Tanii speaker:
He--me- my village from went down car by carried/brought
In this sentence, the only construction that follows the word order in English is ..... 'my village'...
What does it mean ? Well, simply this :
1. The basic order is Subject-Object-Verb (SOV), that is, Tanii is a verb-final language as are most Tibeto-Burman languages.
S-- -- -O------------ V
They are carrying wood together.
Note 1: Unlike English and many Western languages, it is not always necessary to include a verb.
Insi subu pe ha ?
Siika tarii si hu kii ?
Whose shirt is this ? (lit. 'this shirt whose ?')
Have you had your lunch/dinner ? (lit. "have already eaten rice ?")
The dog is barking loudly
Ngo so kiiran adu.
I often come here
- labi ala : right hand
- tado tasan: yellow bead or necklace
- ato abi-tarii: own/personal cloth
- kochi haman: bitter vegetable (usual name for the Spiny Sowthisle, Sonchus Asper).
- yasan sensii: dried wood
- subu pulu: white mithun
- hime dema: bad/naughty boy
- biidan dara: stiff cliff
Note: a small number of adjectives can occur both before and after a head noun, depending on their use.
niti diiro-yasi : new/modern medicine
pilan ranban: brownish yellow
4. As a rule determiners follow the head noun.
Subu atu dore
N---- A --Num.
alyi anii dorngohe
Five sows/female pigs
alyi-lyinii atu kone
N----A -----A ---Num.
one small female pig.
7. Questions particles occur pre- and post-verbally.
- - a) The question particles or wh- constituents (who, what, when, why, etc.) precede the verb.
Molu niida akindo ?
When will they come ?
Mo niido kii Ziro ho dudu ?
How long has he been living in Ziro for ? (lit. since when ?)
- - b) The "yes/no question"particles follow the verb.
Are you alright ?
*Retrieved from "Tanii agun lu'sa" blog.