| prefix||root||reduplicated root|| gender suffix|
| a||ki||ki|| bo|
aki-kibo = male dog
The Tanii gender suffixes are -bo,or -po, for males, -nii for females, and -chu for infants (juveniles, babies). Nii may derive from anii, 'mother'.
aki-kibo = male dog, or simply => kibo
aki-kinii = female dog (bitch), or simply => kinii
aki-kichu = puppy, or simply => kichu
In kibo, kinii, kichu, ki identifies the type of animal (dog), whereas -bo, -nii and -chu specify the gender (male, female, infant). This construction is very much similar to the one used for counting objects (see previous post). Gender differentiation is not marked for all animals, but it is the case for the most prominent species :
|subu||mithun||subu-siibo||mithun bull||subu-siinii||mithun cow||subu atu||mithun calf|
|siibi||monkey||bipo||male monkey||binii||female monkey||siibi atu||baby/ juvenile monkey|
|siidin||deer||dimbo||male deer, hart, stag||dinnii||female, deer, doe||siidin atu||deer calf|
Note the irregularity of menii for sow (female pig). Suffixation with -chu is not possible for every generic name; more often, juveniles or babies are identified by adjunction of the adjective atu, meaning 'small'.
Gender distinction for humans, especially among kin categories, is normally unmarked. Children only are differentiated between sons and daughters by the addition of milobo (male) and nyimii (female) respectively to the generic word (iinga) :
=> iinga milobo (boy)
=> iinga nyimii (girl)